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Expert(s) for : philosophie des sciences
- Philosophy of biology
- Philosophy of science
- Environment and sustainable development
- Experts and scientific expertise
A philosopher of science and of biology, whose research concerns mainly the theoretical bases of evolutionary biology and of ecology.
Evolution by natural selection is often summed up by the expression “survival of the fittest”; Frédéric Bouchard’s research is aimed at explaining how biologists define and measure this fitness. He is also interested in various facets of the epistemology of life sciences, such as the role of scientific expertise in public decision making, the nature and specificity of explanations in ecology, the question of reductionism in science, and the issue of biological individuality (e.g. can termite colonies and ecosystems be studied as “superorganisms”?). All these interests have led him to examine issues related to the environment and sustainable development from epistemological and governance points of view.
His thoughts on these issues can be read in Philosophy of Science, Biology and Philosophy, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Biological Theory, PNAS, and the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, among others. See www.fredericbouchard.org.
My research in formal logic and philosophy of science essentially focuses on the foundations of mathematics and the foundations of physics from technical, critical, historical and philosophical points of view. From a strictly philosophical viewpoint, I support a radical constructivist thesis that consists of showing that arithmetic or number theory and its internal logic are the building blocks of mathematical theories.
In philosophy of physics, my antirealist viewpoint emphasizes the internal logic of physical theories and of mathematical physics in the same constructivist spirit.
Lastly, I have also carried out parallel research into Hegel's dialectical logic and have been able to show that it is a traditional syllogistic logic coupled with the dynamic process of sublation or sursumption (Aufhebung) with the help of a double negation operation.
My research mainly concerns questions of logic, the foundations of mathematics and the philosophy of mathematics. It can be divided roughly into 3 overlapping fields: the philosophical scope and applications of categorical logic, the foundations of mathematics deriving from category theory and, lastly, the epistemology and ontology of contemporary mathematics.
Mes travaux portent sur la philosophie des sciences, avec une spécialisation en histoire et philosophie de la physique. Je m'intéresse aussi à l'épistémologie et la théorie de la décision. Je cherche à mieux comprendre les premiers stades de recherches d'une théorie scientifique en analysant les caractéristiques qui indiquent qu'une théorie aie un caractère prometteur, ainsi que les pratiques méthodologiques qui promeuvent le progrès théorique. Dans mon enseignement, je m'intéresse aussi à la logique et la pensée rationnelle.